b. Post-conquest Indigenous Thought
The task of Felipe Guamбn Poma de Ayala (c.1550-1616), a native Andean intellectual and artist, functions as a exceptional instance. Written around 1615 and addressed to King Philip III of Spain, Guamбn Poma’s the very first brand brand brand New Chronicle and Good Government is comprised of almost 800 pages of text in Spanish followed by numerous Quechua expressions and almost 400 line drawings. Guamбn Poma skillfully combines regional records, Spanish chronicles of conquest, Catholic ethical and philosophical discourses (including those of Bartolomй de las Casas), different eyewitness reports (including their own), and dental reports in numerous native languages, to create a effective situation for optimum Indian autonomy provided the ongoing reputation for abuse by Spanish conquerors, priests, and federal federal government officials. This along with other post-conquest indigenous texts affirm the ongoing presence of indigenous intellectual traditions, contest the colonial European comprehension of native individuals as barbarians, and challenge Eurocentric views of United states geography and history.
A new social hierarchy or caste system based on race was developed as part of European conquest and colonization. Continue reading